Jainism is a religion of
renunciation. This religion aims at Moksa (liberation). All the ceremonies, rituals, vows,
worships, practices, etc. have liberation as their ultimate goal. Jainism believes in
moksa (liberation) and discusses in detail the ways to attain moksa.
All religions that believe
in soul have accepted liberation as the final goal, and show the ways to
attain to it.
The definitions of moksa
given by each religion are different.
The conception and
elucidation of moksa by Jainism is quite lucid,. quite clear.
According to Jainism, when
karmas of all types are completely destroyed and when one takes delight in the souls
is nature and becomes one with the soul, one attains moksa (liberation). It is the nature
of the soul to reside in its virtues. To reside in the virtues means to reside in the
nature of the soul. This nature means perception, knowledge and conduct. The
culmination-perfection of these three means moksa. The souls that have attained moksa are
The residing place -
siddhalaya or siddhasila - of such holy souls is also called
Moksa even means
death of death. The liberated soul is not born again; does not die again./ He
simply remains as the soul, he becomes Parmatma by reaching the highest
status. This is immortality, with purity and freedom from karma.
This is the nature of moksa
1. Moksa is free from
birth, old age and death.
2. Moksa is devoid of all the eight karmas.
3. Moksa is free from ruin or destruction.
4. Moksa has infinite knowledge, infinite perception, infinite joy and infinite
5. Moksa is supra-sensuous and incomparable.
6. Moksa is eternal, steady and supportless.
7. Where there is no misery, no happiness, no pain, no hindrance, no death, no birth,
there is moksa.
8. Where there are no senses, no calamities, no attraction, no wonder, no sleep, no
thirst, no hunger, there is moksa.
9. Where there is no karma, no worry, no arta, raudra, dharma or sukla dhyana, there is
Free or liberated souls
have these qualities - absolute knowledge, absoulte happiness, absoulte perception,
non-tangibility, existence and occupancy space (pradesatva).
The place of moksa
The liberated soul,
completely free from karma, goes to the uppermost and portion of the loka. There is no
substance like dharmastikaya beyond the end portion of the loka. Hence the free souls are
not able to go beyond that.
These are the names of the
place of moksa-Siddhasila, Siddhalaya, Mukti, Isata, Pragbhara Prithvi.
The ground of Siddhasila is
similar to the ground of the human world; it has the same length and breadth. The length
of the central portion of the moksa-bhumi is eight yojanas. Its ultimate portion is
thinner than the wings of a fly. Its shape is like a straight umbrella and it is made of
The qualification for moksa
Any man can attain
liberation after performing the pure spiritual practice, i.e. after obtaining right
perception, right knowledge and right conduct and perfection in penance.
For further study please read Uttaradhyayana Sutra and